Everyone gets their own color: The placemats are knitted of fine wool yarn smooth right, felted and drawn in shape. Then they are machine washable. Practical, right?
Before felting: 66 cm x 62 cm (width x height), after felting: 34 cm x 48 cm (width x height).
Lana Grossa Feltro (100% wool, length 50 m / 50 g), per placemat 200 g Beige mottled (Fb 24) and 50 g in contrasting color either Bordeaux (Fb 15), Blackberry (Fb 49), Pink (Fb 38) or Zyklam (Fb 62), knitting needle no. 9.
Mesh test before washing:
Smooth right with knitting needle No. 9: 9.5 M and 13 R = 10 x 10 cm.
Smooth right in rows: In back row all sts right, in back row all sts left st.
Pearlescent: In back and forth rows * 1 sts right, 1 sts left *, end with 1 sts to the right.
Edge either in Bordeaux, Blackberry, Pink or Zyklam. Inner area always mottled beige.
With Nd No. 9 in Bordeaux (blackberry / pink / cyclam) 63 M on and 3 R pearlesstr. Then continue with 3 skeins. Divide the ball in contrasting color in the middle. Divide M: 3 sts in pear pattern (1 st on the right, 1 st on the left, 1 st on the right), 57 sts on the right in mottled beige, 3 sts on a bead (1 st on the right, 1 st on the left, 1 st on the right). At the color transitions, cross the threads on the back and lightly tighten to avoid holes. After a total of 75 R Beige, cut off the beige thread and continue working on all M in Bordeaux (Blackberry / Pink / Zyklam). In a reverse R 3 M pear pattern, 57 sts left, and 3 sts pearstr. Cast off 2 sts across all sts, then bind off all sts in stitch.
Sew all threads. Matting placemat. After felting in wet condition, pull to the specified finished size, paying attention to four right angles. Let it dry flat.
Felting in the washing machine with "Feltro" by Lana Grossa
How to do it
First, make a stitch and felt test at the indicated wash temperature of the model.
The stitch sample:
For this, suggest at least 4, better still 6 more M, than are indicated for 10 cm after washing at the respective object. Also at height you should knit about 6-8 R more than indicated for the stitch test. First place the measuring tape or a mesh counter under the mesh before washing and count the stitches in the range of 10 cm, next to the stitches to count the rows to 10 cm. It is important not to put the measuring tape on the edge, but in the middle of the knit, the edge stitches distort the result.
Since you can count after felts no more stitches, you measure now also the outer edges of the knitted fabric in height and width and note down to the entire stitch and row number.
After felting, pull the sample bob into shape and measure the length and width. Now you can calculate the number of stitches to 10 cm: divide the total number of (knitted) M by the width of the felt lobe, z. B. You have 37 sts, the patch is felted 22 cm wide = 37: 22 = 1.68 = rounded 1.7 sts per centimeter = 17 sts on 10 cm in width. In the amount you expect the same, z. For example, you had 46 R notes, the lobule is 20 cm high: 46: 20 = 2.3 R per centimeter = 23 R on 10 cm in height.
Felting in the machine:
As a rule, the temperature is set to 40 degrees; parts that are washed at 60 degrees are explicitly indicated (the felt becomes denser and firmer). Put an old towel and some tennis balls to the fabric in the washing machine and choose a normal wash cycle (eg for shirts) with spin cycle and a simple heavy-duty detergent. The washing machine should be filled to a maximum of 2/3.
Number of washes:
Some models are even washed twice in a row instead of once. You will always find the hint in the line "After Washing (2x)" in the parenthesis. 2x means to wash 2x, if there is a 1x in the bracket, the model is only washed once.
Factors influencing felting:
Now you can compare the mesh before and after washing. Basically you can say that the sample is the same before washing, then it is the same after washing. Provided you use the same yarn and the same color, these are factors that significantly affect the result.
The degree of entanglement is on average 30-40%, but, as the wool is a natural product, it is significantly influenced by the following factors: 1. The starting material of the raw wool is different. 2. The coloring of the wool causes a different entry = shrinkage during felting. 3. Washing processes take place differently in the different machines, also the washing powder is decisive. 4. The individual knitting influences the result.
Do a stitch test! Knit a 12 x 12 cm piece in the pattern of your chosen model. Then count out stitches and rows in the range 10 x 10 cm. If there are fewer stitches than indicated in the instructions, knit harder or take thinner needles (1/2 to full needle size). If you count more stitches: Try to knit more loosely or use thicker needles.
Please note: knitting works differently. Therefore, the stitch-sample data on the banderoles of wool should not be considered as binding. Moreover, these are always created on the basis of smooth right. For a perfect job, therefore, the stitch test in the desired pattern is a must. So that your desired model not only looks nice, but also fits!