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Do it yourself Handarbeitstechniken: Varied and easy to learn

DIY Eule weben (May 2019).

Anonim

You were infected by the DIY movement and want to make their own blankets, accessories and clothing? No problem at all: we will give you an overview of the most beautiful handicraft techniques, explain the basics and have helpful tips for practicing.

Needlework such as knitting, sewing or knotting are very much in vogue. "Do it yourself!" is the mantra and who has first discovered the wonderful world of making himself, it will not get rid of her so quickly. According to a study, there are about three million Germans who crochet, knit or sew several times a week. That's quite a lot, and the supply of fabric manufacturers and stores for DIY needs is correspondingly large. But also the number of blogs and workshops around handicrafts and handicrafts has increased immensely in recent years.

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Needlework: relaxation and pastime

What is so fascinating about needlework? While it used to be sewn or knitted primarily out of necessity, in the course of decades it has become a wonderful hobby. A hobby where we can relax and take a break from everyday life. Creating something with your hands is fun and, above all, proud when the finished project is in front of you! It is not uncommon for a business to emerge again - be it through a successful blog or the sale of handmade children's pants, hats or textiles on creative markets and self-made portals like Dawanda or Etsy.

Table of Contents

  • Knit
  • Crochet
  • Crochet Tunisian
  • Strickliesel
  • Knooking
  • sew
  • Macrame and wallhangings
  • frisk
  • Weave
  • Make lace: tatting and bobbin lace

Knit

Knitting not only warms but is also an indispensable part of fashion. Trendy sweaters, ponchos, fluffy bobble hats or home accessories such as cashmere pillow cases or lampshades - our free knitting instructions are versatile and online at any time for you.

Two left, two right, drop one - well, is that familiar? Then you probably already know how to knit meditatively! The regular rattling of the needles, the soft wool in the hand and the possibility to create individual caps, scarves or sweaters, make the knitting a perfect pastime to leave the stressful everyday life behind. The good news for knit beginners: It's not as complicated as some knitting patterns would have us believe. With the help of our tutorials and video tutorials, we show you the first steps on the way to a knitwear to a trendy knit sweater. Our tip: Stick to small goals to stay motivated and to learn one or the other new knitting technique.

Knitting: Material and Basics

In the knitting instructions you will find mostly exact information about the wool and the matching needles. Yarns are available in innumerable variations, strengths, but also qualities: Whether coarse wool or in fine merino quality of sheep, angora (rabbit), mohair (goat), alpaca, cashmere (goat) or in the vegetable variant cotton. There are also a large number of blended yarns and synthetic fibers such as polyacrylic or polyamide, which are easier to care for than the warm, but quite delicate animal fiber. On the label of the yarns you will find valuable information such as run length, needle size and care instructions. In addition, here is a guideline, how many grams of wool are needed for a whole sweater - helpful, for example, to be able to estimate the cost of materials better. But regardless of whether you follow the instructions on the banderole or the instructions, a stitch test is essential and will save you a lot of trouble and trouble in the course of knitting!

How important the right wool is can be seen in the simple patent sample: If you use thicker wool yarn, the knit looks very voluminous and keeps you warm for an extra long time.

Mesh test: That's why it's so important!

Even if we would like to start immediately, the knit stitch is important for most knitting projects, so that sweaters and co in the end have the right size and you get the material. In a stitch test, a small piece of knitting in the size of 12x12 cm is made. Then count the stitches and rows that are in an area of ​​10x10 cm. In the manuals or on the banderole there is always information on the ideal mesh test. If you have counted more rows and stitches, try a different needle size. Sometimes it is enough to knit a little tighter or looser.

Helpful accessory for knitting:

  • Tape measure - to make stitches and to check the cutting dimensions
  • Stitch markers - eg to mark the rounds when circular knitting
  • Circular needles can also be useful for projects that are not knit in a circle.
  • Needle game consists of five equal needles, which are pointed at both ends. Suitable for small, round knitted pieces such as socks or caps.
  • Pigtail or auxiliary needle with a "V" / kink in the middle help with braid patterns.
  • Crochet hook for crocheting knitting edges
  • Wool needles are useful when sewing the threads or sewing the knitted pieces together.

Knitting: the basic techniques and knitting patterns

To start knitting, you must first knit stitches. How it works is shown in our gallery "Take stitches - Step-by-step"

Knitting is also great because there are so many patterns you can use to vary your knitwear. But even with a simple "smooth right" in which only right stitches are knitted on the back row and only left stitches on the back row, you can create great things and look forward to the typical knit look. Over time, beginners learn how to increase stitches to widen a piece of knitwear or to remove stitches, for example, to make an armhole. This reduces the number of stitches by knitting together at least two stitches. By cutting off, you end the piece of knitting. Other knitting patterns include Kraus on the right, ribbed pattern, full patent, as well as inlays (colored areas such as hearts) can be incorporated without carrying another thread.

It takes some practice in the beginning, also to create a uniform stitch pattern. But after a short time you will notice that the knitting is always easier.

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Crochet

Crochet is one of the most basic crafting techniques besides knitting. Fortunately, the repertoire now goes far beyond potholders: beautiful hats, scarves sweaters or even crocodile like the popular Amigurumis to fruit and vegetables for the children's kitchen or the grocery store - all crochet and absolute trend.

This is what you need for crocheting: sew wool, matching crochet hook, sewing needle to thread and a pair of scissors. Fittingly you will find on FürSie.de free instructions for beginners and advanced.

Crochet basics and patterns

With air mesh most crochet projects start, another possibility is the "Magic Ring".

Crocheting is easy to learn and the basic techniques are manageable: Air meshes form the basis of almost every crochet piece, in addition there are fixed stitches, chopsticks, half-sticks and double-chopsticks. You can crochet in rows like the classic potholder or in rounds and create new patterns from the basic techniques: hole pattern, checkerboard pattern, tufts or pimples and pattern of relief sticks.

Luftmaschen: How to start crocheting!

  1. Make a loop with the thread end of the yarn, pierce with the needle, pick the thread with the hook and pull it through the loop.
  2. Pull the end of the thread to tighten the loop.
  3. Now pull the thread through the loop again. The first air mesh has been created! Repeat this process until the desired number of stitches is reached.
  4. If you want to continue crocheting in rows, insert into the penultimate mesh. With half sticks it is the third last, with sticks the fourth last one.

By the way: The Magic Ring is a newer term when crocheting and a great alternative to the usual air mesh ring as a start in round crochet projects such as hats or animal heads. The magic ring has the advantage that the hole in the middle is barely visible and the crochet piece looks even more beautiful.

Learn crochet - video tutorials

Video: crochet cap for beginners:

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Tunisian crochet

Tunisian crochet is more than just another crochet pattern: in fact, it's certainly a special crochet technique that requires a very long crochet hook and the stitches remain like knitting on the crochet hook.

Another difference: you do not use the crochet piece, but only mow in the back row and crochet back. The stitch pattern creates such small longitudinal struts, but there are also different stitching techniques and the look is imitated a Tunisian weave pattern. With this technique, you are definitely in the manual labor trend, because the mesh image looks compact and elegant at the same time. This crochet is especially suitable for creating fascinating patterns with different colors.

Tunisian Crochet: Instructions for beginners

  1. As in normal crocheting, crochet a chain of the desired number of stitches.
  2. For the first row with the needle into the second air mesh, pick up the thread with the hook and pull it through the stitch. Then pierce into the next air mesh, fetch thread and pull through the stitch. Repeat the procedure until the row is over and all stitches are on the crochet hook.
  3. Do not turn the crochet piece over but pull the thread for the back row and pull it through the first stitch that lies on the needle. Then you pick up the thread again and pull it through the first two stitches that lie on the needle - this is called stitching. Repeat the process with the next two stitches until the row is over. From now on Crochet backwards, so to speak! In this way, small longitudinal struts are created in the stitch pattern.
  4. For the next row, use the crochet hook to cut through the stitches so that the threads of the back row, ie the small longitudinal strands, are above the needle. Pull the thread through the stitches and repeat the process until the end of the row. If you repeat points 3 and 4 evenly, the "right-stitch pattern" is created.

Video: Tunisian crochet for beginners

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Strickliesel - old friend, new trend

Many know the Strickliesel from the kindergarten or elementary school: the first contact to the world of needlework!

In addition to classic knitting, other techniques have been added, such as knooking, arm knitting or knitting with XXL needles of clothing and home accessories. By the way, knitting with the Strickliesel is up to date again and not only for children a great way to produce knitting cords. What can be done with snails and other animals? Decorate your plaid, for example, with a great, generous lettering in knitting font, create Christmas trees or jewelry from it. (Share-PW)

To knit with the Strickliesel you only need a Strickliesel with needle and yarn. Here you can also make great jewelery with pearl strings or other materials.

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Knooking

If you love crocheting, but at the same time you also like the smooth knit stitch pattern, Knooking is the perfect choice! Crochet is done with a special needle, while the result looks knitted.

When knooking it is very helpful if the auxiliary thread is chosen in a bright color.

But there are special Knookingnadeln that look like an ordinary crochet hook at first glance, but have an eyelet at the end. An auxiliary thread is pulled through the eye of the needle, replacing the second needle from the knitting. The stitches look like normal knitting: smooth right, frilly right, ribs, pearlescent or smooth left. But the well-known air mesh and Kettmaschen needed to "sträkeln". Because the practical thing about knooking needles: You can also crochet with them as usual.

What you need for the Knooking: Knooking needles in the desired size, matching wool and a different colored auxiliary thread. This is especially important because the stitches are lying on top of it. Our tip: Take a thicker yarn than the work thread, for example, a ribbon yarn in neon colors. Also practical are stitch markers, tape measure, darning needles for sewing parts together.

Knooking: instructions for beginners

Preparation: The auxiliary thread should be much longer the project is wide, and is initially threaded through the eyelet until both ends are the same length. The needle is held down like a knife with the hook down.

  1. At the beginning, proceed as in crocheting: make a loop and sling the mesh to the desired length.
  2. On one side of the air mesh you can see two legs, on the other side small arches or struts. Now pierce through them and get the working thread with the needle through the bow. Then prick through the next sheet and pull back the thread with the hook through the stitch. Repeat the process until the end of the series.
  3. Pull out the needle until all stitches are on the auxiliary thread.
  4. To crochet right stitches, now pierce the first stitch from the right side. Grab the thread from below with the hook and pull it through the loop. Repeat with all other stitches.
  5. Before the work is turned, pull out the auxiliary thread. Then push the stitches back from the needle onto the auxiliary thread and turn the knit crochet piece. Start again at step 4.

DIY: Knooking in the video

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sew

Whether clothes, blankets or bags, jersey, sewing paper or cork - sewing is in and the wealth of materials and projects makes this hobby so versatile. Even on television, this trend has already made it, because in addition to singing and cooking shows, there are now sewing competitions such as "Clever threaded" with Guido-Maria-Kretschmer, in which hobby mower in the field of craft, style and creativity must prove. Of course beginners ask the question, do I need my own machine and if so, what must I do? Which material is suitable for which project and what must be considered around the pattern? We answer the most important questions so that you can start quickly with your first sewing project.

There are numerous sewing projects that are already well suited for beginners, such as bags and utensils.

Which sewing accessories are important?

A small basic equipment is certainly one of them, so you get along well while sewing. The material to get you in the fabric market and of course on the Internet.

  • Even if you sew with the machine, you probably will not come around one or the other hand stitch. This means you need hand needles. Also: pins to attach your sewing pieces or to fix several layers. For the latter, cloth clips are also suitable, especially when it comes to thicker materials such as felt or leather.
  • A scissors is also a good purchase to cut fabrics. To keep them from becoming dull and fraying the fabric, it is important that you do not use them for paper or other things. For everything else you should use a craft scissors. A rotary cutter is also helpful if you often have to cut straight lines - for example, patchwork blankets. In this case, you will need a cutting pad and a ruler to cut along.
  • A measuring tape and set square and tailor's chalk are also among the things that you should have in your sewing box.
  • If the iron seems rather annoying in everyday life, it will recognize its true use in sewing. Because the iron really makes the job easier, so that everything stays in place during sewing: you need the flat iron to iron seam allowances apart, as well as to form seams or seams and, of course, to smooth the fabric. Even a seam breaker can become a good friend if you have to separate seams again.

Find the right sewing machine

When you start sewing, you will get along well with a normal sewing machine. In a specialized trade, you often get a little introduction in addition to good advice. Depending on the functions and workmanship of the sewing machine, the price varies: for some, you set the stitches by hand, others have a small computer that solves this electronically. Modern machines have an automatic threader and numerous decorative stitches or embroidery programs.

An overlock machine is a good match if you have a lot of sewing, especially clothes made of stretchy fabrics. With the overlock, fabric edges can be serged, appear more precise and if you want to work more professionally, an overlock is certainly a good investment. If you do not have an overlock, you will nibble the edges with the help of a squeezing foot supplied with the many sewing machines and a zigzag stitch.

How to find the right sewing machine! >>>

Basics: How to start sewing!

At the beginning you choose your project and the appropriate material. Wash the fabrics before processing, as some still go down. Only then should you start cutting and sewing. When sewing you will always have to deal with certain technical terms: The front of a fabric, so the one with the beautiful patterns is called "right side", the back is the "left side".

The knitting needle case is a great beginner project. You can find the sewing instructions for download under this link on our partner page. Home Living: Sewing instructions.

Yarn threading and breakage are also important terms that must be observed when sewing, so that the fabric falls correctly and does not warp later. A good orientation is the selvedge of a fabric. A firmer piece that arises during production and is not used in sewing. The threadline runs parallel to the selvedge. It is drawn in the patterns so that the cuts can be placed correctly. The material break is the fold that arises when folding a fabric. The fabric is now double and is specified in many patterns ("cut in the material break"), if you need a mirrored cut piece or want to avoid another cut edge.

On the pattern are all the cutting parts of your project - the template for all parts that are to be sewn together. In clothing, there are often several lines for the different clothing sizes on top of each other. Choose the right size. Whether a seam allowance is included on the pattern is noted there or in the instructions. Be sure to plan for this when cutting - in most cases, it is about one centimeter.

With the stitching you put on existing seams or edges another seam, which can serve as a decoration, but at the same time stabilizes the sewing piece again. How this works is explained in our article on quilting for beginners.

Video: Learning to sew for beginners

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Macrame and Wallhangings: knotting is back in!

Friendship bracelets, flower pots, which thanks to macrame effectively beautify the home or wallhangings in a variety of variations - knot and knot is back in fashion!

Make friendship bracelets

Such a friendship bracelet is not only a great gift, but also a fashion accessory. The best part: Making friendship bracelets is easy and the variety of patterns and colors are just fun! For the first experiments, a simple stripe pattern of at least two colors is suitable. Almost any yarn can be used, but especially embroidery threads like Sticktwist are popular.

Step-by-step guide:

  1. The threads should be about 1.10m long, start with four strings, which are knotted together at the top. Leave about 10 cm distance to the end of the thread. So that the work does not slip constantly, you can put a safety pin through the knot and attach the project to the jeans, for example.
  2. Lay the threads side by side in the desired order. Start with the left thread, this is the knotted thread. Keep the next thread taut and lay the knot thread over it, thread the end of the thread through the loop from the back to the front. Tighten the thread upwards so that you begin to tie the bracelet at the main knot. Repeat this loop again with the same threads to get a small double knot.
  3. Now repeat the process a thread. The knotted thread remains the same until it is knotted from the very left to the far right.
  4. Start again with the left thread and repeat the individual points until the bracelet has the desired length.
  5. Close the bracelet with a knot, leave a little thread (about 10cm) and cut off the overhang.

Video: tie bracelets

macrame

Macramee can take on very different forms: from simple knots to elaborate dream catchers, new and imaginative patterns can always be made.

Macrame is a knotting technique originated long ago in the ancient Orient. For the first time, this technology was put into the "stale" in the seventies and probably for a long time. Meanwhile, Macramee has come out of its dusty corner and with different knots, beads and ideas for different occasions such as wallhangings, jewelry, bags or ornamentation of flower pots absolutely hip.

Macrame - how it works:

In the trade, there are special macrame yarn to buy, often made of polyester, but also jute yarn or other makes of thicker cotton thread work well for this special look.

How the threads are attached, depends on the craft project: Wristbands can work on a closure, in a wall hanging, the loops are wrapped, for example, around a branch. The cross-knot is the most common macrame-shaped knot and is knotted with four threads - two straps and two threads. The carrier threads carry the knots and never form loops themselves. Around her is knotted with the work threads.

  1. Lay the four threads side by side (A, B, C, D). Band A is placed in a loop over the bands B and C. Band D is placed under bands B and C.
  2. The thread end of band A is now pulled through the loop of D, the thread end of D in turn pull through the loop of A.
  3. Pull both straps together. Repeat the process again, resulting in a nice, flat double knot.
  4. For a bracelet using this technique, continue to the desired length

Video: Stylish wallhanging in macrame look

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frisk

Felting is also an ancient crafting technique that uses raw wool. The most well-known technique in felting is wet felting, in which the fibers are bonded together using soap suds, friction and heat. A little less expensive is the needle felting. You will need a special felting needle with small barbs and a sponge as a base. In recent years, a third option has become increasingly popular: Here is knitted or crocheted with felt wool. Then the manual work piece simply comes into the washing machine and felted. It could hardly be simpler! Felting creates animals, slippers or bags. Even textiles, which are further processed in sewing, for example, can be designed in this way. The results are particularly warm and robust.

Felt and full-length fabrics are perfect for clothing or accessories that are designed to last or keep warm. This results in great and fashionable at the same time results as these slippers in beetle optics.

Wet felting - this is how it works:

When wet felting you need felt wool, lukewarm water and soap. In addition, towels and bowls The wool is placed in the soapy water and worked with his hands. This is called "walking". Not every soap is equally suitable, it is best to use a skin-friendly, moisturizing soap for the lye.

  1. Prepare a bowl or baking tray. Pluck the wool and place it crosswise in the shell. Instead of starting too thick, you prefer to lay several layers. Even patterns such as spirals can be incorporated.
  2. Pour over the surface with the lye and gently massage the wool with soaped hands. So the fibers do not stick to your finder. Even rolled, the wool felt good. Felt until the material is well bonded.
  3. Then wash the wool again with a dash of vinegar to restore the acid-base balance of the fibers.

DIY: Knit and crochet with felt wool

Our best instructions for knitting and crocheting with felt wool:

  • Mermaid doll for cuddling
  • Big snail pillow
  • Make a nice felt bag yourself
  • Great felt slippers

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Weave

Anyone who has ever woven before knows that this form of manual work is almost meditative. This technique is already suitable for children of primary school age and there are no limits to creativity: your work piece can be monochrome, striped or colorful. For weaving you need at the beginning only a small wooden weaving frame, whose dimensions are about 40 x 30 centimeters and you can buy cheap online. Most of the offers also include other equipment such as a shuttle, a comb and even wool. From the resulting wool surface, a small handbag, a carpet for the dollhouse or a doll's pillow can be created with a few stitches. Our tip: To clamp the longitudinal threads, a fixed crochet yarn offers even more stability than wool.

How to weave:

  1. First, the longitudinal threads must be clamped in the weaving frame. You can use a wool thread or crochet thread that is as neutral as possible in terms of color.
  2. Once the framework is up, the weaving can start: attach a wool thread to the weaving needle (or, for children, to a wooden weaving shuttle) and pass it under the first longitudinal thread, over the second thread, under the third, over the fourth and continue with this up-and-down motion until you pass the longitudinal threads once.
  3. The wool thread is then tightened, the weaving needle again attached and in opposite movement than previously passed through the longitudinal threads. Once a few rows have been created, you can push the woven threads together with a comb.
  4. If the weaving frame is completely woven with wool, the longitudinal threads can be stretched out.

Wallhangings weave

Wallhangings in different variations are currently in fashion. How to make such a small rug for the wall itself, we show you in our free instructions "Weave itself".

Wallhangings are currently indispensable in the field of interior design. The forms range from dream catchers to woven textiles to simple, dyed textile ribbons. Also your weave is perfect to go with this trend: Attach the longitudinal threads on a nice branch (eg driftwood), stretch a thread from left to right, with which you can hang the hanging on a nail. Use pompoms, threads or beads - there are endless design options and currently more than ever: In is what pleases!

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Make lace: tatting and bobbin lace

Whether as a decoration of tablecloths or fashionable elements in clothing - lace still enchants us with its imaginative and beautiful patterns. From the fashion tip is indispensable and thanks to machine manufacturing, there are affordable models for everyone. Nevertheless, there are still exclusive tips in all price categories and is certainly not one of the everyday hobbies in DIY - but quite up to date.

That's how old the advanced technology is

The first needle points were made as early as the 15th century, and at the end of the 17th century the Venetian lace became famous, but it was also almost priceless. Shortly thereafter, a cheaper lace technique was created, through which even less affluent people could afford top material. In Ireland soon the crocheted lace and also tatting became the popular pastime of the higher female society in the 19th century.

occhi

Lace looks complicated, but also this manual technique can be learned! Whether modern jewelry creations or great applications for clothing - with the tatting technique conjure a playful, unusual tip.

Tatting is a little known technique for making lace. Anyone who says that this is too difficult and too old-fashioned, is wrong. Occhi is especially in the DIY movement growing popularity! The particularly filigree and playful lace, which is created using the technique of tatting, can be processed not only to doilies, coasters and lace collar. Tatting creates modern earrings, bracelets and exclusive necklaces. You do not need much for this crafting technique: yarn shuttle, a crochet hook and yarn. Find out everything about the tatting technique and especially how it works.

make lace

Bobbin lace is the classic way to make lace. Several threads are interwoven with the help of bobbins. For this technique, you will need some more tools than the traditional tatting: a bobbin, several bobbins (about twelve), yarn, pins and scissors.

There are different ways to make lace. The lace technique may look complicated at first, but it is part of a centuries-old tradition and the result is a "real tip".

Instructions: basic pattern when bobbin lace

  1. First, the yarn must be wound up on the clappers. To do this, hold the clapper in your left hand and wind the thread to the right on the clapper. At the other end of the thread also has a clapper attached, so the other end of the yarn are also wound on a clapper. The yarn is secured with a loop on each clapper.
  2. Place the bobbin on a table and insert a pin in the middle. Two pairs of bobbins are hung over this needle so that there are two bobbins left and right in front of you.
  3. Now the middle bobbins are crossed with each other, so the second bobbin from the left over the second bobbin from the right.
  4. Thereafter, the clappers next to each other are turned, the clapper on the extreme right outside is thus placed over the second clapper from the right and the second clapper from the left over the clapper leftmost outside.
  5. If this movement is made continuously, a so-called braider is created. According to several of the embodiments described above, a needle is inserted under the already braided pattern to give it hold.

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Author:

Daniela Schwabel

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